Wednesday, May 20, 2009
1 Chronicles 9-10; Luke 6:1-19
1 Chronicles 9-10
Chapter 9 lists genealogies of those who settled in Judah after the exile. Note that it includes descendants of Ephraim and Manasseh (vs 3), which were part of the Northern Kingdom before the exile. Some thus remained through the exile, perhaps having moved down to Judah after the destruction of the Northern Kingdom. The bulk of the material has to do with the descendants of the Levites who would thus be serving in the second temple. This connection between the Levites (and the continuity of their service after the exile) is important for the author of Chronicles, as it ties in to his emphasis on the temple and its service in the period of the Israelite monarchy.
Chapter 10 gives a brief account of the death of Saul and his sons. Thus, the first king of Israel came to bad end, and his line did not continue as kings. It was an abortive rule, and set the stage for the rise of David and his line.
It should be of interest to most evangelicals, though it seems not to be, that much of Jesus' teaching dealt with, or was provoked by, issues regarding the Sabbath. It is clear in the contest between Jesus and his opponents that the issue was not that the Sabbath was to be observed, but how the Sabbath was to be observed. Some, of course, will respond that Jesus is dealing with Jews, and thus is merely addressing Jewish concerns. However, Jesus doesn't deal with ceremonial regulations or, for that matter, much of the judicial legislation. This would seem then to indicate that the Sabbath was to continue to be observed even after the temple and its accompanying regulations came to an end.